Automatic Solar Panel Cleaning Robot

K. S. Margaret, T. Bathirnath, V. Dinesh Kumar, N. Praveen Kumar

Abstract


The dust particles accumulating on the solar panels will decrease the solar energy reaching the solar cells, thereby reducing the overall power output.  In this paper, the problem is reviewed and methods for dust removal and reduction of heat are discussed. A robot cleaning device is developed and features a versatile platform which travels the entire length of a panel.  An Arduino microcontroller is used to implement robots control system.  The robot will provide a favorable result and shows that such a system is viable.  In conclusion, it is found that robotic cleaning and heat reduction is practical and can help in maintain the solar panel efficiency.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dunlop, J. P., “Batteries and Charge Control in Stand-alone Photovoltaic Systems. Fundamentals and Application”, Working Paper, Sandia National Laboratories, Photovoltaic Systems Applications Dept., Florida Solar Energy Center, Cocoa/Florida -. USA, 1997

Ross, J., Markvart, T., and He, W.: „Modelling Battery Charge Regulation for a Stand-alone Photovoltaic System‟, Sol. Energy, 2000, 69, (3), pp. 181 190

M. H. Rashid, Power Electronics Handbook, Academic Press, 2001.

Frede Blaabjerg, Florin Iov, Remus Teodorescue, Zhe Chen, „‟Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems‟‟, Aalborg University, Institute of Energy, IEEE transaction, 2006.

Harprit Sandhu, "Making PIC Microcontroller Instruments and Controllers ",2008.

John Peatman ,"Embedded Design with the PIC18F452 Microcontroller" ,Prentice Hall, 2003.

http://www.seia.org/policy/solar- technology/photovoltaic-solar-electric

A. Ibrahim, A., Effect of Shadow and Dust on the Performance of Silicon Solar Cell, J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res., 1 (3), 222-230, 2011.

O. Seely, Some Observations on Photovoltaic Cell Panels, http://www.csudh.edu/oliver/smt310-handouts/solarpan/ solarpan.htm, 2011

S.A.M. Said, Effects of Dust Accumulation on Performances of Thermal and Photovoltaic Flat-Plate Collectors, Applied Energy, 37, 73-84, 1990.

M.S. El-Shobokshy and F.M. Hussein, Effect of dust with different physical properties on the performance of photovoltaic cells, Solar Energy, 51, 505, 1993.

H. Haeberlin and J.D. Graf, Gradual reduction of PV generator yield due to pollution. In: Second World Conference on Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion, Vienna, Austria, 1998.

H. Jiang, L. Lu, and K. Sun, Experimental investigation of the impact of airborne dust deposition on the performance of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules, Atmospheric Environment, 45, 4299-4304, 2011.

S.A. Sulaiman, H.H. Hussain, N.S.H. Leh, and M.S.I. Razali, Effects of Dust on the Performance of PV Panels, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 58, 588-593, 2011.

M. Mani, and R. Pillai, Impact of dust on solar photovoltaic (PV) performance: Research status, challenges and recommendations, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 3124–3131, 2010.

H.K. Elminir, A.E. Ghitas, R.H. Hamid, F. El-Hussainy, M.M. Beheary, and K.M. Abdel-Moneim, Effect of dust on the transparent cover of solar collectors, Energy Conversion and Management, 47, 3192–3203, 2006.

J.K. Kaldellis, A. Kokala, Quantifying the decrease of the photovoltaic panels’ energy yield due to phenomena of natural air pollution disposal, Energy, 35, 4862-4869, 2010.

A.M. Pavan, A. Mellit and D. De Pieri, The effect of soiling on energy production for large-scale photovoltaic plants, Solar Energy, 85, 128–1136, 2011.

M. Vivar, R. Herrero, I. Anton, F. Martınez-Moreno, R. Moreton, G. Sala, A.W. Blakers and J. Smeltink, Effect of soiling in CPV systems, Solar Energy, 84, 1327–1335, 2010.

G. He, C. Zhou and Z. Li, Z. Review of Self-Cleaning Method for Solar Cell Array, in International Workshop on Automobile, Power and Energy Engineering, Procedia Engineering, 16, 640 – 645, 2011.

M. Anderson, A. Grandy, J. Hastie, A. Sweezey, R. Ranky, C. Mavroidis, and Y.P. Markopoulos, Robotic device for cleaning photovoltaic panel arrays, http://www.coe.neu.edu/Research/robots/papers/CLAWAR09.pdf, 2011

J. Son, S. Kundu, L.K. Verma, M. Sakhuja, A.J. Danner, S. Charanjit, C.S. Bhatia, and H. Yang, A practical superhydrophilic self-cleaning and antireflective surface for outdoor photovoltaic applications, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 98, 46–51, 2012.

K. Lee, S. Lyu, S. Lee, Y.S. Kim and W. Hwang, Characteristics and self-cleaning effect of the transparent super-hydrophobic film having nanofibers array structures, Applied Surface Science, 256, 6729–6735, 2010.

J.P. Bock, J.R. Robison, R. Sharma, J. Zhang and M.K. Mazumder, An Efficient Power Management Approach for Self-Cleaning Solar Panels with Integrated Electrodynamic Screens, Proc. ESA Annual Meeting on Electrostatics 2008, Paper O2.

C.I. Calle, C.R. Buhler, J.L. McFall and S.J. Snyder, “Particle removal by electrostatic and dielectrophoretic forces for dust control during lunar exploration missions, ” Journal of Electrostatics, 67, 89–92, 2009.

C.I. Calle, C.R. Buhler, M.R. Johansen, M.D. Hogue and S.J. Snyder, “ Active dust control and mitigation technology for lunar and Martian exploration, ” Acta Astronautica, 69, 1082–1088, 2011.

R.A. Sims, A.S. Biris, J.D. Wilson, C.U. Yurteri1, M.K. Mazumder, C.I. Calle and C.R. Buhler, Development of a Transparent Self-Cleaning Dust Shield for Solar Panels, Report, Department of Applied Science, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, USA.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.23956/ijermt.v6i7.220

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.